The Liverpool Irish Festival and Writing on the Wall are presenting the launch of Hidden History-The Irish Language in Liverpool/An Ghaeilge i Learpholl as part of the 2021 Year of Writing.
The event is held online, 4 March, 6pm. To book see here.
Written by Liverpool Irish Festival Board member Tony Birtill, the book is the product of extensive research in England and Ireland. It provides evidence that the Irish language was spoken by many thousands of people in Liverpool, up to the start of the last century, some of which inevitably entered into ‘Scouse’.
Providing a context for the book
Tony Birtill explains: ”‘Ter rar wack’ is usually regarded as a rather old-fashioned Liverpool-slang [for] farewell, but when written ‘tabhair aire, a mhac’, it makes perfect sense to an Irish speaker and is pronounced in a very similar way to the Scouse. It means: ‘take care, son’. The language of poorer, marginalised sections of the community is often viewed with distain by people who are better-off”.
The book describes how 24,000 Irish residents in Liverpool signed a petition to the Vatican, in 1842, requesting more Irish-speaking priests for the city, as they could not speak enough English to attend confession. But the language was not confined to Catholics.
A Church of England vicar conducted a survey in the Vauxhall and St Stephens area, in 1850, which identified substantial numbers of Irish-speaking Protestants in the area, some with no English at all. “The Irish language persisted in Liverpool, especially after the Famine of 1845-52; so when the Gaelic revival movement began -at the end of the nineteenth century- Liverpool-born men and women, both Catholic and Protestant, made an outstanding contribution to the movement“, Tony adds.
Included amongst them was the artist Cesca Trench who was born in Tuebrook, and Stephen McKenna, who was born in Walton and is mentioned in James Joyce’s novel Ulysses.